X, Malcolm, 1925-1965


"While Martin Luther King, Jr. rose to national prominence professing nonviolent direct action and interracial organizing in the late 1950s and 1960s, Malcolm X became a leader in the Nation of Islam, advocating armed self-defense and the rejection of white allies. Upon leaving the Nation of Islam in 1964, however, Malcolm's ideology shifted to a unified, coalition-oriented struggle for black advancement. While King and Malcolm continued to be at odds over the role of nonviolence in the movement, Malcolm met with other civil rights organizations in the South and repeatedly tried to establish a relationship with King. Although King and Malcolm X never worked together, Malcolm's ideology directly influenced the southern civil rights movement after his 1965 death with the emergence of Black Power."--"Malcolm X (1925-1965)" King Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 11, 2008: http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/.

Alternate Names:

Little, Malcolm, 1925-1965
Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, 1925-1965

Expand all | Collapse all | Results view

Archival Collections and Reference Resources

Educator Resources