Igal Roodenko was born in New York City in 1917. He was involved in leftist politics and pacifism, spending time during World War II in a camp for conscientious objectors. Following the war, he became involved in the Civil Rights movement. In 1947, Roodenko participated in the Journey of Reconciliation, organized by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), to test the Supreme Court's ruling in the 1946 Irene Morgan case as it applied to public transportation in the South. After being arrested in Chapel Hill, Roodenko and fellow activists lost their court appeal and spent thirty days working on a segregated chain gang in North Carolina.--From Oral Histories of the American South biography.