As a twenty-two year old American Baptist Theological Seminary student, Carter participated in a Freedom Ride from Nashville, Tennessee (via Birmingham, Alabama) to Montgomery, Alabama from May 17 to 21, 1961. Carter also took part in the ride from Montgomery, Alabama to Jackson, Mississippi on May 24, 1961. He was arrested in Jackson on the 24th. He, James Bevel, Bernard Lafayette, and Samuel Collier formed the Nashville Quartet, a group that wrote and performed freedom songs.
Archival Collections and Reference Resources
- Freedom summer digital collection (Wisconsin Historical Society)
- Hollander--August 17, 1963, interview with Rev. Joseph Carter, Laurel Hill, Louisiana (Edward Hollander recordings [sound recording], 1963-1964; Archives Main Stacks, Tape 369A, MAD Sound/Tape 369A, UC box 34) (Sound)
- SEDFRE--Press Releases 1963-1966 (CORE) (Scholarship, Education and Defense Fund for Racial Equality records, 1944-1976; Archives Main Stacks, Mss 546, Box 31, Folder 16)Scholarship, Education and Defense Fund for Racial Equality records, 1944-1976; Archives Main Stacks, Mss 546, Box 31 Folder 16 (Press releases)
- Series 2515 : Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission Records Online, 1994-2006, Photographs (Mississippi Department of Archives and History)