Boggs, Grace Lee
Boggs, the daughter of Chinese immigrants, was born in Rhode Island in 1915 and grew up in New York City. She received a doctorate in philosophy from Bryn Mawr College in 1940, and worked at the University of Chicago's Philosophy Library. Boggs worked with socialist theorist C.L.R. James, and helped create an offshoot of the Socialist Workers Party that focused on race and poverty. Boggs moved to Detroit in the 1950s to write for a socialist newspaper. In Detroit, she met James Boggs, an African-American man who would become her husband and colleague. In the 1960s, the couple were engaged in the black power movement ; their work was centered on Detroit's residents and neighborhoods. This work included starting Detroit Summer, a community program for young people to work on neighborhood projects. Boggs helped organize a 1963 march in Detroit by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and the November 1963 Grassroots Leadership Conference in Detroit with Malcom X.