Black, Aline, 1906-1974

Biography:

"A plaintiff in a case challenging the disparate pay of African American and white teachers in Norfolk.... When the Norfolk Teachers Association and the Virginia State Teachers Association, together with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, decided to challenge the double standard as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Black volunteered to be the plaintiff in the suit. Filed in the state circuit court in Norfolk in March 1939, the case was dismissed by the local court, and Black's attorneys, among whom was Thurgood Marshall, filed an appeal. In June 1939 Black lost her teaching contract in retaliation for her suit against the school system. The Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals then denied the appeal on the grounds that Black was no longer an employee. Another Norfolk teacher, Melvin O. Alston, took Black's place as plaintiff, and a new suit was filed. In November 1940 the Supreme Court of the United States upheld an appellate court's ruling that teacher salaries fell under the protection of the Fourteenth Amendment."--Aline Black (19061974), Virgina Memory, Library of Virginia, http://www.virginiamemory.com/online_classroom/shaping_the_constitution/people/aline_black

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