Baker, Ella, 1903-1986


African American community organizer and political activist born December 13, 1903 in Norfolk, Virginia and died December 13, 1986 in New York City. In the early 1930s, she helped organize the Young Negroes Cooperative League. From the late 1930s until 1946, she worked as part of the staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), first as a field secretary and later as national director of the NAACP's various branches. In 1956, Baker helped found In Friendship, a fundraising organization supporting the Civil Rights Movement in the South. In 1957 she helped form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). She left the SCLC in 1960 to help organize the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

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