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Mr. and Mrs. Franklin James (Part One), September 26, 1972

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Creator:James, Franklin
Creator:James, Franklin, Mrs.
Title:Mr. and Mrs. Franklin James (Part One), September 26, 1972
Date:1972 Sept. 26

Oral history interview with Mr. and Mr. Franklin James of Yakima, Washington. TAPE 1, SIDE A: 0 - 4 Father worked for railroad in Virginia. Came to Washington in 1898. Family background. Father's stories about a Confederate soldier. 4 - 9 Education for blacks. His first job as a coal miner. Strikes. He worked in the mines from 1917-1924. 9 - 13 He played piano. Other black musicians in the area. Entertainment in the local tavern. Bootleg whiskey. Black baseball teams. 13 - 16 Well-known blacks in the area. They maintained contact with some eastern relatives but they gradually lost touch. 16 - 20 Blacks in the mines in Roslyn. Black population in Roslyn. Most blacks left when the mines shut down in the early 30's. He hoboed back east and eventually got married in 1926 after leaving the mines. 20 - 26 Black businesses in Roslyn. Black churches. Holidays. Emancipation Day. TAPE 1, SIDE B: 0 - 3 Company store in Roslyn. 3 - 4 Newspapers they read to keep up with black activities--The Seattle Enterprise was Negro owned and run. 4 - 8 Indians in the area. Discrimination against Chinese. Black settlers. Black athletes. Blacks in WWI. 8 - 11 Mr. Shepard who brought many blacks to the area. Local transportation. Early automobile owners. 11 - 13 More about the mine--most of the bosses were white. Mining equipment. 13 - 17 Mine explosion in 1910 or so. Workers benefits. There was no insurance or retirement. 17 - 22 Feelings about what it was and is like to be a black living in Roslyn and in Yakima. Talks about working in Yakima. (His wife talks but is too far away from the microphone to be understood.)

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Subjects:James, Franklin | James, Franklin, Mrs. | Shepard, Mr. (Yakima, Wash.) | Oral history--United States | Family--History | African Americans--Washington (State)--Yakima | African Americans--Social conditions--20th century | Yakima (Wash.)--Social conditions--20th century | Yakima (Wash.)--History--20th century | Community life--Washington (State)--Yakima | African Americans--Civil rights--Washington (State)--Yakima | Civil rights--Washington (State)--Yakima | Discrimination--Washington (State)--Yakima | Race discrimination--Washington (State)--Yakima | Race relations | Yakima (Wash.)--Race relations--History--20th century | African Americans civic leaders--Washington (State)--Yakima | Civic leaders--Washington (State)--Yakima | Discrimination in employment--Washington (State)--Yakima | Discrimination in employment--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Coal miners--Washington (State)--Roslyn | African American coal miners--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Coal mines and mining--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Mines and mineral resources--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Mineral industries--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Mineral industries--Washington (State)--Roslyn--Employees | African Americans--Employment | Mineral industries--Washington (State)--Roslyn--Equipment and supplies | Industrial equipment--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Supervisors--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Supervisors, Industrial--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Explosions--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Coal mines and mining--Washington (State)--Roslyn--Equipment and supplies | Coal mine accidents--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Mine accidents--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Employee fringe benefits--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Coal miners--Pensions--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Miners--Pensions--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Pensions--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Mineral industries--Insurance--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Coal mines and mining--Insurance--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Railroads--Virginia--Employees | Soldiers--Southern States | Confederate States of America. Army--Military life | Confederate States of America--History | United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 | African Americans--Education | Education--Washington (State) | Pianists--Washington (State) | African American musicians--Washington (State) | African Americans--Recreation | Recreation--Washington (State) | African Americans--Music | Music--Washington (State) | Musicians--Washington (State) | African American singers--Washington (State) | Singers--Washington (State) | Entertainment events--Washington (State) | African American entertainers--Washington (State) | Entertainers--Washington (State) | Distilling, Illicit--Washington (State) | Sports--Washington (State) | African Americans--Sports | African American athletes--Washington (State) | Athletes--Washington (State) | African American baseball players--Washington (State) | Baseball players--Washington (State) | Baseball teams--Washington (State) | Baseball--Washington (State) | Civic leaders--Washington (State) | African American civic leaders--Washington (State) | Hitchhiking--United States | Tramps--United States | Businesses--Washington (State) | African American businesses--Washington (State) | Businesspeople--Washington (State) | African American businesspeople--Washington (State) | African American churches--Washington (State) | Churches--Washington (State) | African Americans--Religion | Juneteenth--Washington (State) | African Americans--Anniversaries, etc.--Washington (State) | Holidays--Washington (State) | Slaves--Emancipation--United States | Liberty | Equality--Washington (State) | Company stores--Washington (State)--Roslyn | Newspapers | African American newspapers--Washington (State)--Seattle | Seattle Enterprise | Discrimination--Washington (State) | Discrimination against African Americans | Discrimination against Chinese Americans | Discrimination against Indians of North America | Indians of North America--Washington (State) | Chinese--Washington (State) | Chinese--Civil rights--Washington (State) | Chinese Americans--Washington (State) | Chinese Americans--Civil rights--Washington (State) | World War, 1914-1918--Washington (State) | World War, 1914-1918--African Americans | Automobiles--Washington (State) | Automobile drivers--Washington (State) | African American automobile drivers--Washington (State) | Automobile ownership--Washington (State) | Local transit--Washington (State)--Yakima | Transportation--Washington (State)--Yakima | Urban transportation--Washington (State) | African Americans--Transportation--Washington (State) | United States, Washington, Yakima County, Yakima, 46.6020711, -120.5058987 | Yakima County (Wash.) | Roslyn (Wash.) | Kittitas County (Wash.)
Collection:Black Oral History Collection
Institution:Washington State University's Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Contributors:Washington State University. Library. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Original Material:

Black Oral History Interviews, 1972-1974, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University

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For permission to publish, please contact Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (509) 335 - 6691.

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Forms part of online collection: Black Oral History Interviews Collection.

Persistent Link to Item:http://content.libraries.wsu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/5985/id/68