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Tanner, Jack, January 20, 1973

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Creator:Tanner, Jack Edward, 1919-2006
Title:Tanner, Jack, January 20, 1973
Date:1973 Jan. 20

Oral history interview with Jack Tanner of Tacoma, Washington.

TAPE 43 (1st), SIDE A: 0 - 5 Parents migrated to Washington from Indiana and Mississippi in the late 1800's. Family background. Problems his grandmother had in Indianapolis. Father a longshoreman. 5 - 8 Black churches in Tacoma. Social life was limited to church activities. Role of the church. Black social clubs. 8 - 12 Many blacks and other foreigners lived in the central area of Tacoma. Black politicians. Other black officials and government workers. Job opportunities for blacks--most on the waterfront; no professionals. 12 - 14 Education. Well-known blacks from the Tacoma area. 14 - 17 Wife's family came from Mississippi in 1924 or so. Story of them being ordered out of Mississippi. 17 - 21

Black athletes. Entertainment was mostly provided by the church. No fraternal or social organizations. Black musicians and singers. 21 - 25 Some blacks joined unions. Many longshoremen joined the union. He talks about the development of the union movement. Blacks involved in the union. 25 - 30 Many blacks started moving into the area in the late 30's. Black soldiers at Ft. Lewis.

TAPE 43 (1st), SIDE B: 0 - 5 More about black soldiers. More came during the Korean War. GI Bill helped many blacks to go to school. Many middle-class blacks in the Northwest. Many whites did not like the influx of blacks. No outright discrimination but police brutality was not uncommon. 5 - 17 NAACP was fairly active. It was established in Tacoma in 1913. Miscegenation laws. His activities in the NAACP. Involvement in the civil rights movement. Marches. 17 - 27 Talks about his involvement in Indian fishing rights demonstrations. His work as a lawyer--arguing cases before the Supreme Court. 27 - 30 Blacks have not been as active in politics as Indians have. TAPE 44 (2nd), SIDE A: 0 - 3 More about Indian confrontations over fishing rights. He has been involved with this problem since 1964. 3 - 7 Blacks in politics. Black movements. He was state chairman for the Democratic Party in 1967. Friendship with Scoop Jackson. More about his political activities. 7 - 14 His campaign for governor in 1968. His campaign platform. Work with the NAACP made him politically sophisticated. More about friendship with Jackson. Jackson's Politics. 14 - 17 What he would have done had he been elected governor. 17 - 20 Bush Prarie named after a black who travelled with Lewis and Clark. Contact with other ethnic groups was minimal. Black soldiers. 21 - 27 Feelings about living in the Pacific Northwest.

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Subjects:Tanner, Jack Edward, 1919-2006 | Tanner, Jack Edward, 1919-2006--Political activity | Jackson, Henry M. (Henry Martin), 1912-1983 | Bush, George Washington, fl. 1845 | Oral history--United States | Family--History--Indiana | Family--History--Mississippi | African Americans--Indiana--Indianapolis | African Americans--Civil rights--Indiana--Indianapolis | Civil rights--Indiana--Indianapolis | African Americans--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Politics and government--20th century | African Americans--Social conditions--20th century | Tacoma (Wash.)--Social conditions--20th century | Stevedores--Washington (State) | African American stevedores--Washington (State) | Stevedores--Labor unions--Washington (State) | Labor unions--Washington (State) | Labor movement--Washington (State) | African Americans--Religion | African American churches--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Churches--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Manners and customs | Tacoma (Wash.)--Manners and customs | Community life--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Leisure--Religious aspects--Christianity--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Church entertainments | Church dinners--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Church work with African Americans--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Clubs--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Societies--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Societies, etc. | African Americans--Recreation--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Recreation--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Amusements--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Inner cities--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Housing--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Housing--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Dwellings--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Dwellings--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African American neighborhoods--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Ethnic neighborhoods--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Neighborhood--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African American politicians--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Politicians--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African American political activists--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Political activists--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Tacoma (Wash.)--Officials and employees | Public employees | Government employees | African Americans--Employment--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Job vacancies--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Wharves--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Wharves--Job vacancies--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Public schools--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Schools--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Teaching--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Education--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Education--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African American civic leaders--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Civic leaders--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Civil rights--Mississippi | Civil rights--Washington (State) | African Americans--Civil rights--Washington (State) | African Americans--Civil rights--Mississippi | African American athletes--Washington (State) | Athletes--Washington (State) | Sports--Washington (State) | African Americans--Sports--Washington (State) | Entertainment events--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African American musicians--Washington (State) | Musicians--Washington (State) | African American singers--Washington (State) | Singers--Washington (State) | African American soldiers--Washington (State) | Soldiers--Washington (State) | United States--Armed Forces--African Americans | United States. Army--African American troops | United States. Army--African American troops | Fortification--Washington (State) | United States--Defenses | Korean War, 1950-1953 | Soldiers--Education, Non-military--Law and legislation--United States | Veterans--Education--United States | Veterans--Education--Law and legislation--United States | Veterans--Services for--United States | Veterans--United States | African American veterans--Education | African American veterans--Education--Law and legislation | African American veterans--Services for | World War, 1939-1945--Veterans--Education--United States | Middle class--Northwest, Pacific | Middle class--Washington (State) | Middle class African Americans--Northwest, Pacific | Middle class African Americans--Washington (State) | Police--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Police brutality--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Discrimination--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Race relations | Tacoma (Wash.)--Race relations | Civil rights--Washington (State)--Tacoma | African Americans--Civil rights--Washington (State)--Tacoma | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Tacoma Branch | African American civil rights workers--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Civil rights workers--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Protest marches--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Miscegenation--Washington (State) | Interracial marriage--Washington (State) | Interracial marriage--Law and legislation--Washington (State) | Marriage law--Washington (State) | Indians of North America--Fishing--Washington (State) | Indians of North America--Fishing--United States | Indians of North America--Fishing--Law and legislation--Washington (State) | Indians of North America--Fishing--Law and legislation--United States | Indians of North America--Claims | Indians of North America--Washington (State)--Legal status, laws, etc. | Indians of North America--Government relations | Indians of North America--Washington (State) | Indians of North America--Civil rights--Washington (State) | Water rights--Washington (State) | Water rights--United States | Natural law | Civil rights demonstrations--Washington (State) | African American lawyers--Washington (State) | African American lawyers--Washington (State)--Tacoma | Lawyers--Washington (State) | Lawyers----Washington (State)--Tacoma | United States. Supreme Court | Courts, Supreme--United States | Courts--United States | Forensic orations--United States | African American politicians--Washington (State) | Politicians--Washington (State) | Civil rights movements--Washington (State) | Black militant organizations--Washington (State) | Black power--Washington (State) | Black nationalism--Washington (State) | Democratic Party (Wash.) | Political parties--Washington (State) | Political participation--Washington (State) | Political activists--Washington (State) | African American political activists--Washington (State) | African Americans--Politics and government | Political campaigns--Washington (State) | Political candidates--Washington (State) | Governors--Election | Elections--Washington (State) | Political parties--Platforms | African American judges--Washington (State) | Judges--Washington (State) | Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) | African American pioneers--Washington (State)--Bush Prairie | Pioneers--Washington (State)--Bush Prairie | African American farmers--Washington (State)--Bush Prairie | Farmers--Washington (State)--Bush Prairie | African American trappers--West (U.S.) | Trappers--West (U.S.) | Hudson Bay Fur Company | Robideaux Company | United States, Washington, Pierce County, Tacoma, 47.2528769, -122.4442906 | Pierce County (Wash.) | Tumwater (Wash.) | Thurston County (Wash.) | Bush Prairie (Wash.) | Fort Lewis (Wash.) | United States, Mississippi, 32.354668, -89.398528 | United States, Indiana, Indianapolis, 39.768403, -86.158068 | United States, Indiana, Marion County, 39.7817097, -86.1384717
Collection:Black Oral History Collection
Institution:Washington State University's Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Contributors:Washington State University. Library. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Original Material:

Black Oral History Interviews, 1972-1974, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University

Rights and Usage:

For permission to publish, please contact Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (509) 335 - 6691.

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Forms part of online collection: Black Oral History Interviews Collection.

Persistent Link to Item:http://content.wsulibs.wsu.edu/u?/5985,81