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Oral history interview with Phil Landrum, 1988 July 25-26

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Creator:Landrum, Phil M.
Creator:Steely, Mel
Creator:Fitz-Simons, Ted
Creator:University of West Georgia. Georgia Political Papers and Oral History Program
Title:Oral history interview with Phil Landrum, 1988 July 25-26
Date:1988 July 25-1988 July 26
Description:

Phil M. Landrum (1907-1990) was born in the northeast Georgia town of Martin on September 10, 1907. He earned a law degree from the Atlanta Law School in 1941 and served in the United States Army Air Corps from 1942-1945. After the war, Landrum served as Assistant Attorney General of Georgia from 1946-1947 and as Governor Melvin Thompson's executive secretary from 1947-1948.Landrum then worked in Jasper, Georgia, as an attorney in private practice for several years. He was elected in 1952 as a Democrat to represent the 9th District in the U.S. House of Representatives. A conservative who fought to maintain segregation, he also helped write landmark legislation to curb union corruption. Landrum retired from Congress in 1977 and returned to Jasper, where he died of congestive heart failure in 1990.; Interviewed by Mel Steely and Ted Fitz-Simons on July 25-26, 1988 in Landrum's office.; This interview begins with a discussion on Phil Landrum's childhood and heritage. He talks about how he became a teacher, met his wife, and how he managed to make a relatively substantial living during the years of the Great Depression. Landrum then begins answering questions about his time in the Senate and his relationships with other Georgia politicians, including Ellis Arnall and M. E. Thompson. He explains that he was active in the midst of the Three-Governor Crisis and that he respected Herman Talmadge a great deal for being a good person, though he felt that Talmadge tried to make too many people happy and often said yes when he should have said no. Landrum talks about his relationships in the Georgia legislature and how they transferred into his relationships with people in Washington, D.C. Landrum goes on to answer questions about his time in the Nation's capital and how he and his family adjusted to living in the area. Landrum talks about the use of a letter campaign from his constituents in order to get a bill passed, which could be used for educational purposes. Landrum also discusses his reflections on current elections as well as his happiest moments in congress, both professionally and personally. One of the more interesting topics covered regards the Civil Rights Movement, and Landrum discusses certain African American politicians whom he believed used the death of Martin Luther King, Jr., to get ahead in their careers. He answers questions about the African-American voters in the 1960s and 1970s, and defines himself as a "realist" during the Civil Rights movement. He says he never considered himself a racist, but that he may consider himself a segregationist during that time.

Types:oral histories (literary works) | moving images | MovingImage
Subjects:Landrum, Phil M.--Interviews | Albert, Carl Bert, 1908-2000 | Talmadge, Herman E. (Herman Eugene), 1913-2002 | Arnall, Ellis Gibbs, 1907-1992 | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 | Talmadge, Eugene, 1884-1946 | Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 | Carter, Jimmy, 1924- | Allen, Ivan, III, 1938-1992 | Baldowski, Clifford H., 1917- | Barden, Graham Arthur, 1896-1967 | Bentsen, Lloyd | Boykin, Frank W. (Frank William), 1885-1969 | Broun, Paul C. (Paul Collins), 1916-2005 | Carmon, Bill | Clinton, Bill, 1946- | Cohen, Wilbur | Dirksen, Everett McKinley | Dole, Robert J., 1923- | Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933- | Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Flynt, John James, 1914- | Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006 | Gingrich, Newt | Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909-1998 | Griffin, Marvin, 1907-1982 | Griffin, Robert | Harris, Joel Chandler, 1848-1908 | Harris, Roy Vincent, 1895-1985 | Hartsfield, William Berry | Helms, Jesse | Hoffa, James R. (James Riddle), 1913- | Jackson, Jesse, 1941- | Jenkins, Ed, 1933- | Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 | Jordan, Barbara, 1936-1996 | Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968 | Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 | Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994 | Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969 | Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959 | Martin, Joe, 1943- | McClellan, John L. (John Little), 1896-1977 | McGill, Ralph, 1898-1969 | Miller, Zell, 1932- | Mitchell, Edward | Mize, John, 1913-1993 | O'Neill, Tip | Perkins, Carl Dewey, 1912-1984 | Powell, Adam Clayton, 1908-1972 | Preston, Prince H. (Prince Hulon), 1908-1961 | Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 | Rivers, Eurith Dickinson, 1895-1967 | Russell, Richard B. (Richard Brevard), 1897-1971 | Sanders, Carl Edward, 1925- | Smith, Howard Worth, 1883-1976 | Thompson, M. E. (Melvin Ernest), 1903-1980 | Thompson, Frank, 1918-1989 | Vandiver, S. Ernest (Samuel Ernest), 1918- | Vinson, Carl, 1883-1981 | Whitten, Jamie L. | Williams, Hosea, 1926- | Wood, John Q. | Wright, Jim, 1922- | Georgia--Politics and government--1865-1950 | Georgia--Politics and government--1951- | Legislators--Georgia--Interviews | AFL-CIO | Appalachian Regional Commission | Atlanta journal-constitution | Buford Dam (Ga.) | Democratic Party (U.S.) | Emory University | Ford Motor Company | Georgia Marble Company | Georgia Power Company | Georgia State Patrol | Lockheed Aircraft Corporation | Mercer University | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People | University of Georgia | University of Michigan | United States. Army | United States. Air Force | West Georgia College | United States. Work Projects Administration | Georgia. General Assembly | United States. Congress. House | Indians of North America--United States | Indians of North America--Georgia | Civil rights movements--United States--History--20th century | Depressions--1929 | United States--Race relations | Georgia--Race relations | Segregation--United States | Segregation--Georgia | Saint Lawrence Seaway | Statue of Liberty National Monument (N.Y. and N.J.) | Korean War, 1950-1953 | Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941 | Valdosta, Georgia | Vietnam War, 1961-1975 | Washington, D. C. | Watergate Affair, 1972-1974 | World War, 1939-1945 | United States, Georgia, 32.75042, -83.50018 | United States, Georgia, Appling County, 31.7492804, -82.2889836 | United States, Georgia, Clarke County, Athens, 33.96095, -83.37794 | United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798 | United States, Georgia, Richmond County, Augusta, 33.47097, -81.97484 | United States, Mississippi, Harrison County, Biloxi, 30.39603, -88.88531 | Unites States, Massachusetts, Boston, 42.3602534, -71.0582912 | United States, Georgia, Elbert County, Bowman, 34.20483, -83.0307 | United States, Georgia, Gwinnett County, Buford, 34.12066, -84.00435 | United States, Georgia, Cherokee County, Canton, 34.23676, -84.49076 | Venezuela, Carabobo, El Carmen, 9.9653213, -67.8276158 | United States, Georgia, Franklin County, Carnesville, 34.36983, -83.23516 | United States, Georgia, Carroll County, Carrollton, 33.58011, -85.07661 | United States, Georgia, Cherokee County, 34.24393, -84.4762 | United States, Georgia, Habersham County, Clarkesville, 34.6126, -83.52489 | United States, Ohio, Cleveland, 41.5051613, -81.6934446 | United States, Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton, 34.7698, -84.97022 | United States, Georgia, Habersham County, Demorest, 34.5651, -83.54517 | United States, Georgia, Franklin County, 34.37544, -83.22918 | United States, Georgia, Hall County, Gainesville, 34.29788, -83.82407 | United States, Georgia, Gilmer County, 34.69121, -84.45559 | United States, Georgia, Gwinnett County, 33.96173, -84.02363 | United States, Georgia, Hall County, 34.31689, -83.81968 | United States, Georgia, Hart County, Hartwell, 34.35288, -82.93209 | United States, Georgia, Jackson County, 34.13388, -83.56635 | United States, Georgia, Pickens County, Jasper, 34.46787, -84.42909 | United States, Georgia, Jenkins County, 32.79247, -81.96353 | United States, Georgia, Paulding County, 33.92055, -84.86729 | United States, Georgia, Gordon County, Resaca, 34.58036, -84.94328 | United States, Georgia, Ware County, Waycross, 31.21368, -82.3557
Collection:Georgia Political Papers and Oral History Program
Institution:University of West Georgia Special Collections
Contributors:University of West Georgia. Special Collections
Original Material:

Georgia Political Papers and Oral History Program oral history interviews. Annie Belle Weaver Special Collections, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library, State University of West Georgia

Carrollton, Ga. : University of West Georgia Special Collections in association with the Digital Library of Georgia

Rights and Usage:

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Cite as: [interview title], Georgia Political Papers and Oral History Program oral history interviews. Annie Belle Weaver Special Collections, Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library, University of West Georgia

Persistent Link to Item:http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/uwg/phc/do:landrum19880725