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Edna and Joseph Brocks, circa 1949, Los Angeles

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Creator:Levine, Paul
Title:Edna and Joseph Brocks, circa 1949, Los Angeles
Date:1949
Description:

Photograph of Joseph Brocks and his wife, Edna. Brocks was the subject of a bitter battle to prevent his extradition from Los Angeles to Alabama. The extradition saga began in December 1948, when Brocks and his wife were Christmas shopping in Los Angeles. A police officer accused Brocks of commiting a burglary and took him to the police station, where Brocks was quickly cleared of the charge. But while he was being fingerprinted, police discovered that Brocks was wanted in Alabama, where he had escaped from a chain gang almost six years earlier. At that time, Brocks was known as Bernard White, and was sentenced to serve 10 years on a chain gang after he made a forced confession that he had stolen a bicycle and illegally entered a private home in Thomasville, Ala. White escaped from the chain gang after serving almost three months, changed his name to Joseph Brocks, and moved to Los Angeles. During the extradition battle, Brocks was represented by attorneys affiliated with the Los Angeles Civil Rights Congress (CRC). Attorneys maintained Brocks should not be extradited to Alabama because he would be sentenced to death by the racist Southern justice system. Local chapters of the International Longshoremen and Warehousemens Union, International Ladies Garment Workers Union, Mine and Mill and Smelters Workers Union, and several other unions joined in Brocks' defense. Brocks' defenders urged California Gov. Earl Warren to refuse extradition, but Warren honored Alabama's request to reopen Brocks' case. On Feb. 28, 1949, Brocks was taken to an Alabama prison and placed in a death cell. The Civil Rights Congress continued to campaign for Brocks' release.

Local identification number: scl-m0314

Local identification number: scl-mss064-0314~1; scl-mss064-0314~2

Types:Photographs | StillImage
Subjects:Brocks, Joseph | African Americans--Civil rights--California--Los Angeles | Civil Rights Congress (U.S.) | Extradition--United States | United States, California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, 34.0522342, -118.2436849
Collection:Charlotta Bass / California Eagle Photograph Collection
Institution:University of Southern California Libraries
Contributors:University of Southern California. Library | Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
Original Material:

scl-m0000

Charlotta Bass / California Eagle Photograph Collection, 1880-1986

University of Southern California. Libraries

Rights and Usage:

http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Cite as: [Identification of item], Charlotta Bass / California Eagle Photograph Collection, Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, Los Angeles

Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, 6120 South Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90044, archives@socallib.org

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Persistent Link to Item:http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll102/id/1254