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WSB-TV newsfilm clip of mayor J. R. Allen announcing a curfew in Columbus, Georgia, 1971 July 28

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Creator:WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)
Title:WSB-TV newsfilm clip of mayor J. R. Allen announcing a curfew in Columbus, Georgia, 1971 July 28
Date:1971 July 28
Description:

In this WSB newsfilm clip dated July 28, 1971, a reporter announces that Columbus mayor J. R. Allen has established a ten pm voluntary curfew for the residents of Columbus, Georgia, and Mayor Allen announces the imposition of the same evening curfew at a press conference.

The clip begins with footage of cars driving down a busy commercial street, possibly Broadway, in Columbus, Georgia. A reporter announces that the mayor will consider any vehicle traveling on the streets of Columbus after ten pm suspect, but that he has not specified what action will be taken against curfew violators will be, as he has chosen to leave the assignment of penalties to the discretion of law enforcement officials. According to the reporter, an unnamed African American spokesperson has raised objections to the mayor's allowance of the police to use their own discretion. The reporter's commentary is truncated by a statement made by Mayor Allen at a press conference. Speaking into a single microphone, Allen announces the imposition of the citywide curfew, and declares "tonight, starting at ten pm, I am asking all citizens to voluntarily stay in their homes and off the streets. I have called on all the law enforcement agencies to consider suspect any vehicle moving on the streets after ten pm. This may result in you being stopped, questioned, and inconvenienced. The degree of your volunteer cooperation in this matter will determine whether stricter measures will be required. Thank you." The clip ends at the end of Allen's statement. Violence broke out in Columbus, Georgia during the spring and summer of 1971 following a series of racially motivated suspensions and firings in the Columbus police department. On Saturday, June 19, 1971, Hosea Williams, regional vice president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), helped organize a protest march in support of demands made in a class-action lawsuit against the city, and to protest the city's failure to address grievances of the Afro-American Police League. The lawsuit's plaintiffs sought to eliminate longstanding discriminatory practices in the department, and to reinstate officers who had protested against said practices. Although the protest march was peaceful, racial tensions were high in Columbus, and violence escalated dramatically after the demonstration. Rioting escalated on June 21, 1971, when a white officer, L. A. Jacks, shot and killed a twenty-year old African American youth named Willie J. Osborne after an alleged armed robbery. Riots, arson attacks, police violence, and further protests continued to impact the city prompting the Columbus City Council to invoke an emergency ordinance, and Columbus mayor J. R. Allen to declare a state of emergency, which banned the sale of liquor, guns, and ammunition. On July 25, 1971, Mayor Allen called a voluntary citywide curfew that enabled police to stop and search city residents who were outside after ten pm. The curfew was lifted on August 6.

Title supplied by cataloger.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.

Types:Moving images | News | Unedited footage
Subjects:Allen, J. R. (James R.), 1930-1973 | Curfews--Georgia--Columbus | Local government--Georgia--Columbus | Mayors | Cities and towns--Georgia--Columbus | Race relations | Race riots--Georgia--Columbus | Automobiles--Georgia--Columbus | Transportation, Automotive--Georgia--Columbus | Automobile travel--Georgia--Columbus | City traffic--Georgia--Columbus | Storefronts--Georgia--Columbus | Commercial buildings--Georgia--Columbus | Mayors--Georgia--Columbus | Municipal government--Georgia--Columbus | Municipal officials and employees--Georgia--Columbus | Civic leaders--Georgia--Columbus | African American civic leaders--Georgia--Columbus | Community activists--Georgia--Columbus | Political activists--Georgia | African American political activists--Georgia | Police crackdowns--Georgia--Columbus | Police--Georgia--Columbus | Police discretion--Georgia--Columbus | Police--Complaints against--Georgia--Columbus | Police-community relations--Georgia--Columbus | Police questioning--Georgia--Columbus | Detention of persons--Georgia--Columbus | Demonstrations--Georgia--Columbus | Civil rights movements--Georgia--Columbus | Civil rights demonstrations--Georgia--Columbus | Direct action--Georgia--Columbus | Riots--Georgia--Columbus | Riots--Georgia--Columbus--History--20th century | Race riots--United States--History--20th century | Race discrimination--Georgia--Columbus | Prejudices--Georgia--Columbus | Polarization (Social Sciences)--Georgia--Columbus | African Americans--Georgia--Columbus | Whites--Georgia--Columbus | African Americans--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--20th century | African Americans--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--1964-1975 | Whites--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--20th century | Whites--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--1964-1975 | African Americans--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--20th century | Whites--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--20th century | African Americans--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--1964-1975 | Whites--Georgia--Columbus--Social conditions--1964-1975 | Social conflict--Georgia--Columbus | Law enforcement--Georgia--Columbus | Reporters and reporting--Georgia--Columbus | Press conferences--Georgia--Columbus | Microphone | Columbus (Ga.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Georgia--Race relations | Columbus (Ga.)--Politics and government | Georgia--Politics and government--1951- | Columbus (Ga.)--Politics and government--1951- | Georgia--Social conditions--1960-1980 | Columbus (Ga.)--Social conditions--20th century | Georgia--Social conditions--1960-1980 | Columbus (Ga.) | Muscogee County (Ga.) | Broadway (Columbus, Ga.)
Collection:WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection
Institution:Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection
Contributors:Allen, J.R. (James R.), 1930-1973 | Digital Library of Georgia | Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection | Civil Rights Digital Library Collection (Digital Library of Georgia)
Online Publisher:Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia and Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, University of Georgia Libraries | 2007
Original Material:

1 clip (about 1 min.): color, sound ; 16 mm.

Original found in the WSB-TV newsfilm collection.

Rights and Usage:

WSB-TV newsfilm clip of mayor J. R. Allen announcing a curfew in Columbus, Georgia, 1971 July 28, WSB-TV newsfilm collection, reel 1749, 14:11/15:14, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Ga, as presented in the Digital Library of Georgia.

Related Materials:

Forms part of: Civil Rights Digital Library.

Persistent Link to Item:http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/crdl/id:ugabma_wsbn_63537