In this silent WSB newsfilm clip from July 1962, attorneys working for the Albany Movement are seen entering and exiting the United States Federal Building in Atlanta, Georgia; the clip also shows a daytime mass meeting at Shiloh Baptist Church in Albany where Reverend Wyatt T. Walker, Dr. William G. Anderson, and Coretta Scott King speak; individuals protest the conviction of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Reverend Ralph D. Abernathy by wearing black armbands.
In the clip, lawyers representing the Albany Movement are seen outside the federal courthouse in Atlanta, entering and leaving the building, reading a newspaper, and being interviewed on the street by reporters. They include C. B. King of Albany, one of three African American lawyers outside of Atlanta and principal lawyer for the Albany Movement; Donald Hollowell of Atlanta, prominent civil rights lawyer and frequent adviser to the Albany Movement; Horace T. Ward of Atlanta, attorney in Hollowell's law firm; Clarence B. Jones of New York, attorney and King's speech writer and adviser; and William Kunstler of New York, a lawyer for the Gandhi Society.
On July 20, 1962, Albany city officials obtained a federal injunction from Federal District Judge J. Robert Elliott against King, Abernathy, and Albany Movement leaders barring mass demonstrations. In response, lawyers representing the Albany Movement obtained a hearing with chief appellate court judge Elbert P. Tuttle on July 24 in Atlanta. Tuttle dissolved the restraining order until the time that Elliott could hold a hearing.
The clip also includes a mass meeting held in Shiloh Baptist Church in Albany on July 10, 1962. In the mass meeting, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) executive secretary Reverend Wyatt T. Walker pins black arm bands on Coretta Scott King, Juanita Abernathy, and other participants.
African Americans wore black arm bands to protest the convictions of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Reverend Ralph D. Abernathy on July 10, 1962 for "parading without a permit" on December 16, 1961. King and Abernathy were sentenced to serve forty-five days in jail or pay a $178 fine; the men chose jail and their wives, Coretta and Juanita, came to Albany.
In the clip, two women are also seen entering the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse in Albany with attorneys Hollowell and C. B. King; they are Lucille Leslie Burton, and Carol King, wife of C. B. King. Coretta Scott King speaks at the mass meeting, as do Reverend Walker and Dr. William G. Anderson, president of the Albany Movement. Anderson is also seen speaking with Reverend C. K. Steele, SCLC minister from Tallahassee, Florida. In addition to the mass meeting seen in the clip, groups of African Americans stand outside city hall, gathering on the building steps before Albany police chief Laurie Pritchett clears the doorway and speaks to an older, unidentified white man who enters city hall.
Title supplied by cataloger.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
|Rights and Usage:|
Cite as: Series of WSB-TV newsfilm clips of Albany Movement lawyers at the Federal Building in Atlanta, Georgia and of a mass meeting protesting the conviction of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Reverend Ralph D. Abernathy in Shiloh Baptist Church in Albany, Georgia, 1962 July, WSB-TV newsfilm collection, reel 1046, 10:03/16:55, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Ga, as presented in the Digital Library of Georgia.