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|Creator:||WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)|
|Title:||WSB-TV newsfilm clip of African American students Vivian Malone and James Hood after registering for classes at the formerly segregated University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1963 June 11|
|Date:||1963 June 11|
In this WSB newsfilm clip from the Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama campus in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on June 11, 1963, African American students Vivian Malone and James Hood speak to reporters after registering for classes and integrating the university. The clip begins with soldiers standing in the doorway of Foster Auditorium. White people are seen leaving the building; they are followed by the two African American students Malone and Hood. Malone tells a group of waiting reporters that she is glad registration is over, and that her main purpose in coming to the university is to receive an education. Next, Hood indicates that neither he nor Malone will give further press conferences beyond their statements of that day, indicating that he, too has come to the university to study. The two students make their way through the crowd and walk away. Several years previously, in 1956, Autherine Lucy became the first African American student to matriculate at the University of Alabama, after having won a three-year court battle. However, after three days of constant rioting, the university suspended her, purportedly for her own protection; Lucy was later expelled after her lawyers accused University of Alabama officials for conspiring with the rioters. In 1963, federal courts ruled that the university would have to admit Vivian Malone and James Hood. On June 11, governor George Wallace followed through on a 1962 campaign promise to "stand in the schoolhouse door" to preserve segregation in Alabama by standing in the entrance of Foster Auditorium in an orchestrated and high profile attempt to block the way of federal officials escorting Malone and Hood. Wallace only stepped aside after a presidential order was presented directly to him by members of the Alabama National Guard. Wallace implemented tight security on campus and made a plea for Alabama citizens to stay away in order to avoid a repeat of the rioting and violence that characterized the 1956 Autherine Lucy affair and the 1962 integration at Ole Miss. After Wallace left campus, Malone and Hood successfully registered for classes that afternoon. Two days later, another African American student, Dave M. McGlathery, was admitted to the University of Alabama's graduate school at the Birmingham campus. Neither the Tuscaloosa nor the Birmingham campuses experienced violence or rioting with the 1963 integration.
Title supplied by cataloger.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
|Types:||Moving images | News | Unedited footage|
|Subjects:||Jones, Vivian Juanita Malone, 1942-2005 | Hood, James A. | College integration--Alabama--Tuscaloosa | African American college students--Alabama--Tuscaloosa | Intervention (Federal government)--Alabama--Tuscaloosa | Reporters and reporting--Alabama--Tuscaloosa | School integration--Massive resistance movement--Alabama--Tuscaloosa | University of Alabama | Alabama. National Guard | Tuscaloosa (Ala.) | Tuscaloosa County (Ala.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection||Contributors:||Jones, Vivian Juanita Malone, 1942-2005 | Hood, James A. | Digital Library of Georgia | Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection | Civil Rights Digital Library Collection (Digital Library of Georgia)||Online Publisher:||Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia and Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, University of Georgia Libraries | 2007||Original Material:|
1 clip (about 2 min.): black-and-white, sound ; 16 mm.
Original found in the WSB-TV newsfilm collection.
|Rights and Usage:|
WSB-TV newsfilm clip of African American students Vivian Malone and James Hood after registering for classes at the formerly segregated University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1963 June 11, WSB-TV newsfilm collection, reel 0782, 10:01/11:33, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Ga, as presented in the Digital Library of Georgia.
Forms part of: Civil Rights Digital Library.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/crdl/id:ugabma_wsbn_35229|