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|Creator:||WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)|
|Title:||WSB-TV newsfilm clip of president John F. Kennedy in a press conference expressing his satisfaction with progress in resolving racial conflicts in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963 May 8|
|Date:||1963 May 8|
In this WSB newsfilm clip from a May 8, 1963 news conference President John F. Kennedy expresses his satisfaction with the recent progress in the resolution of racial conflicts in Birmingham, Alabama. President Kennedy reports that the Department of Justice is investigating alleged voter discrimination in Birmingham, and has supported efforts in the Supreme Court to remove the city's segregation ordinances. He confirms that the administration's primary goal is to foster communication in the resolution of African American concerns; the administration believes that federal civil rights statutes have not been violated during the current crisis. Burke Marshall, assistant attorney general, representing President Kennedy and Attorney General Robert Kennedy in Birmingham is working "to halt a spectacle which was seriously damaging the reputation of both Birmingham and the country." President Kennedy praises the business community's pledge to address "the justifiable needs" of local African Americans. He explains that civil rights leaders agreed to end demonstrations, and that Albert Boutwell, the newly-elected mayor, had pledged that that the city would commit itself "wholeheartedly to continuing progress in this area." Kennedy hopes that the conflict will remind other communities of the importance of "equal opportunity and treatment." He concludes by urging the continued "constructive and cooperative efforts" of both black and whites. While the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) had led civil rights efforts in Birmingham for several years, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) began assisting with concentrated actions against segregation on April 3, 1963. Local merchants, effected by a longstanding economic boycott of segregated downtown businesses, initiated discussions with civil rights leaders at the end of April. Pressure on city officials to negotiate increased substantially after May 3, the day that Birmingham public safety commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor directed police officers and fire fighters to disperse young demonstrators (who were participating in the second day of the Children's Crusade march) with high-pressure fire hoses and dogs. White and black leaders reached a compromise one week later that ended the demonstrations on May 10. It was also at this time that Connor, along with other Birmingham city commissioners, was involved in a legal battle to prevent the city of Birmingham from revising its structure as a city commission in favor of a mayor-council municipal government; Connor and the city commissioners lost the lawsuit May 23.
Title supplied by cataloger.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
|Types:||Moving images | News | Unedited footage|
|Subjects:||Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 | Marshall, Burke, 1922- | Press conferences--Washington (D.C.) | African Americans--Suffrage--Alabama--Birmingham | Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama--Birmingham | Race relations | Project C, Birmingham, Ala., 1963 | Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations--History--20th century | United States. Dept. of Justice | Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights | Southern Christian Leadership Conference | United States. Supreme Court | Birmingham (Ala.) | Jefferson County (Ala.) | Washington (D.C.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection||Contributors:||Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 | Digital Library of Georgia | Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection | Civil Rights Digital Library Collection (Digital Library of Georgia)||Online Publisher:||Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia and Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, University of Georgia Libraries | 2007||Original Material:|
1 clip (about 2 min.): black-and-white, sound ; 16 mm.
Original found in the WSB-TV newsfilm collection.
|Rights and Usage:|
WSB-TV newsfilm clip of president John F. Kennedy in a press conference expressing his satisfaction with progress in resolving racial conflicts in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963 May 8, WSB-TV newsfilm collection, reel 0755, 36:45/39:09, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Ga, as presented in the Digital Library of Georgia.
Forms part of: Civil Rights Digital Library.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/crdl/id:ugabma_wsbn_33909|