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Oral history interview with Geraldine Ray, September 13, 1997

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Creator:Ray, Geraldine, 1937-
Creator:Navies, Kelly Elaine
Creator:Southern Oral History Program
Title:Oral history interview with Geraldine Ray, September 13, 1997
Date:1977 Sept. 13

Geraldine Ray is a lifelong resident of Barnardsville, North Carolina, a small town near Asheville. Ray describes her childhood and young adulthood caring for her disabled grandmother, working on the family farm, and attending all-black segregated schools. She recalls racial segregation as relatively easy to avoid compared to the segregation and prejudice that her black neighbors practiced based on skin tone. She devoted most of her time to school work, raising livestock, cooking, and helping to plant tobacco. She learned these skills from her grandmother because her parents left the state while Geraldine was young. Geraldine briefly lived with her father in Cincinnati before returning to Barnardsville to care for her grandmother. She sacrificed her love of education and desire for a career to nurse her relatives and friends through several illnesses, though she also endured health problems. The interview ends with discussions about her marriage to childhood friend J. T. Ray, her two miscarriages, and raising her two children.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Types:Transcripts | Sound recordings | Oral histories (document genres) | Sound | Text
Subjects:Ray, Geraldine, 1937- | Family--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century | North Carolina--Race relations | African American women--North Carolina--History--20th century | African Americans--Segregation--North Carolina | Buncombe County (N.C.) | African American women--North Carolina--Barnardsville | African Americans--North Carolina--Barnardsville--Social life and customs | Farm life--North Carolina--Barnardsville | Barnardsville (N.C.)-- Race relations | Segregation--North Carolina--Barnardsville | United States, North Carolina, Barnardsville | United States, North Carolina, Buncombe County, 35.6112249, -82.5301009
Collection:Oral Histories of the American South: The Civil Rights Movement
Institution:Documenting the American South (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Contributors:University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Documenting the American South (Project)
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Forms part of Oral histories of the American South collection.

Persistent Link to Item:http://docsouth.unc.edu/sohp/R-0128/menu.html