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Oral history interview with Igal Roodenko, April 11, 1974

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Creator:Roodenko, Igal
Creator:Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd
Creator:Adams, Charlotte, 1903?-2005
Creator:Felmet, Joseph, 1921-
Creator:Wingate, Jerry
Creator:Southern Oral History Program
Title:Oral history interview with Igal Roodenko, April 11, 1974
Date:1974 Apr. 11

Igal Roodenko was born to first-generation immigrants in New York City in 1917. Throughout the 1930s, Roodenko was drawn to leftist politics and pacifism. He describes the internal dilemma that he and other pacifists faced as they sought to reconcile their ideals of non-violence with their belief that Hitler's regime warranted opposition. Ultimately, Roodenko became a conscientious objector during the conflict. Rather than facing a prison sentence for his refusal to bear arms, Roodenko spent most of World War II in a camp for conscientious objectors. Increasingly involved in leftist politics during the war, Roodenko participated in hunger strikes while at the camp and eventually did serve time in prison. Following the war, he utilized his experiences with peace groups and Ghandian nonviolence to become a leader in the burgeoning civil rights movement. Roodenko speaks at length about his participation in the Journey of Reconciliation in 1947. Already a member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Roodenko helped to organize the Journey, an interracial endeavor to test the Supreme Court's ruling in the Irene Morgan case (1946) as it applied to public transportation in the South. Roodenko describes the strategies CORE employed as they tested segregation policies on buses for Trailways and Greyhound. In Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Roodenko and fellow activists were arrested for refusing to abide by the bus driver's demand that black and white passengers not sit together. He recalls the threat of mob violence against the activists and the role of Chapel Hill minister Charles Jones in helping them escape town safely. Roodenko and the other CORE activists lost their court appeal and he spent thirty days working on a segregated chain gang in North Carolina. His recollections in this interview help to illuminate activist strategies, interracial cooperation, and reasons for limited success as the civil rights movement began to build momentum in the late 1940s.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Types:Transcripts | Sound recordings | Oral histories (document genres) | Text | Sound
Subjects:Roodenko, Igal | Felmet, Joseph, 1921- | Adams, Charlotte, 1903?-2005 | Civil rights--North Carolina | Civil rights workers--Southern States | Political activists--Southern States | Conscientious objectors--United States | Civil rights demonstrations--North Carolina--Chapel Hill | Congress of Racial Equality | Journey of Reconciliation, 1947 | Segregation in transportation--Southern States | Civil rights movements--Southern States | African Americans--Civil rights--Southern States | Southern States--Race relations | African Americans--Segregation--Southern States | World War, 1939-1945--Protest movements--United States | Peace movements--United States | Chain gangs--North Carolina | United States, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 35.9132, -79.055845 | United States, North Carolina, Orange County, 36.0613199, -79.1205595 | Southern States, 33.346678, -84.119434
Collection:Oral Histories of the American South: The Civil Rights Movement
Institution:Documenting the American South (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Contributors:University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Documenting the American South (Project)
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Forms part of Oral histories of the American South collection.

Persistent Link to Item:http://docsouth.unc.edu/sohp/B-0010/menu.html