Home  » Collections A-Z  » New Georgia Encyclopedia  » All Items  » Americus Movement

Americus Movement

 Click here to view the item
Creator:Robins, Glenn
Title:Americus Movement
Date:2008 Feb. 29

Encyclopedia article about the Americus Movement which provided leadership for civil rights activism in Americus, a small town in Sumter County located some thirty miles north of Albany in the southwestern portion of Georgia. When the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) targeted the area as part of a voter registration and citizenship education plan, the outsiders discovered a committed group of local activists working through an organization called the Sumter County Movement. Three phases marked the movement between 1963 and 1965: 1) Learning phase: In July 1963 fewer than a dozen activists began the first marches, with the number of protesters growing to more than 250 and arrests becoming widespread. 2)Attempting to integrate the Americus public schools: Although four African American students entered Americus High School in the fall of 1964 under the Freedom of Choice Plan, all but one female student had withdrawn after four months due to constant harassment. Put in jail during exam week, Americus officials ultimately released her and allowed her to take her exams on the condition that she leave the state for the summer of 1965. 3) Registering African American voters and continuing school integration efforts: Americus officials arrested four black women for voting in the white women's voting line during a 1965 Americus election. In July 1965, Hosea Williams of the SCLC and SNCC, under the direction of John Lewis, joined forces with members of the local movement and filled the streets of Americus with more than 600 estimated marchers. The Voting Rights Act was signed into law in early August, and before the end of the year more than 2,000 African Americans had registered to vote in Sumter County. When schools opened in late August, the number of black students enrolled in previously segregated schools increased from four in 1964 to almost ninety in 1965.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Subjects:Williams, Hosea, 1926- | Lewis, John, 1940 Feb. 21- | Chambliss, Ross M. | Chappell, Fred D. | Civil rights--Georgia--Americus | African Americans--Civil rights--Georgia--Americus | Protest marches--Georgia--Americus | Boycotts--Georgia--Americus | Civil rights movements--Georgia--Americus | Civil rights demonstrations--Georgia--Americus | Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.) | Congress of Racial Equality | Civil rights workers--Georgia--Americus | African American civil rights workers--Georgia--Americus | Americus (Ga.)--Politics and government--20th century | Americus (Ga.)--Social conditions--20th century | Americus (Ga.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Race relations | Discrimination--Georgia--Americus | Race discrimination--Georgia--Americus | Political activists--Georgia--Americus | African American political activists--Georgia--Americus | African Americans--Politics and government--20th century | Citizenship--Georgia--Americus | Citizenship--United States | Citizenship--Study and teaching--United States | Citizenship--Study and teaching--Georgia--Americus | Voter registration--Georgia--Americus | Voting--Georgia--Americus | Suffrage--Georgia--Americus | African Americans--Suffrage--Georgia--Americus | United States. Voting Rights Act of 1965 | Student protesters--Georgia--Americus | Arrest--Georgia--Americus | Imprisonment--Georgia--Americus | Imprisonment--Georgia--Lee County | African Americans--Effect of imprisonment on | Jails--Georgia--Lee County | Jails--Overcrowding--Georgia--Lee County | Prisoners--Georgia--Lee County | African American prisoners--Georgia--Lee County | Women prisoners--Georgia--Lee County | Women prisoners--Abuse of--Georgia--Lee County | African American girls--Georgia--Americus | Girls--Georgia--Americus | Law--Georgia | Capital punishment--Georgia | Intimidation--Georgia--Americus | Intimidation--Georgia--Lee County | School integration--Georgia--Americus | Segregation--Georgia--Americus | Segregation in education--Georgia--Americus | Discrimination in education--Georgia--Americus | Schools--Georgia--Americus | Public schools--Georgia--Americus | Students--Georgia--Americus | African American students--Georgia--Americus | School choice--Georgia--Americus | Harassment in schools--Georgia--Americus | Elections--Georgia--Americus | United States. Voting Rights Act of 1965 | Law enforcement--Georgia--Americus | Police--Georgia--Americus | Police chiefs--Georgia--Americus | Police-Community relations--Georgia--Americus | Police--Complaints against--Georgia--Americus | Sheriffs--Georgia--Americus | Racism--Georgia--Americus | Justice | Fairness | Social justice--Georgia--Americus | Social problems--Georgia--Americus | Social reformers--Georgia--Americus | African American social reformers--Georgia--Americus | Examinations--Georgia--Americus | Americus Movement (Americus, Ga.) | Americus High School (Americus, Ga.)--Examinations | Americus High School (Americus, Ga.) | African American students--Legal status, laws, etc.--Georgia--Americus | Students--Legal status, laws, etc.--Georgia--Americus | Americus Four (Americus, Ga.) | Sumter County Movement (Americus, Ga.) | Americus (Ga.) | Sumter County (Ga.) | Lee County (Ga.)
Collection:New Georgia Encyclopedia
Institution:New Georgia Encyclopedia
Contributors:New Georgia Encyclopedia (Project) | Georgia Humanities Council | University of Georgia. Press | Merrill-Hall New Media | GALILEO (Georgia statewide project)
Online Publisher:[Athens, Ga.] : New Georgia Encyclopedia | 2/29/2008
Rights and Usage:

If you wish to use content from the NGE site for commercial use, publication, or any purpose other than fair use as defined by law, you must request and receive written permission from the NGE. Such requests may be directed to: Permissions/NGE, University of Georgia Press, 330 Research Drive, Athens, GA 30602.

Cite as: "[article name]," New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved [date]: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org.

Related Materials:

Forms part of the New Georgia Encyclopedia.

Persistent Link to Item:http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3612&sug=y