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Coretta Scott King (1927-2006)

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Creator:McCarty, Laura
Title:Coretta Scott King (1927-2006)
Date:2007 June 11

Encyclopedia article about Coretta Scott King, a proponent of civil and human rights, who helped her husband, the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., lead the modern civil rights movement. During their life together, she was his helpmate, raising their four children while supporting his efforts to promote nonviolent social change in race relations during the 1950s and 1960s. Born in 1927 in Heiberger, Alabama, she graduated from Lincoln Normal School, a private school in Marion, Alabama, supported by the American Missionary Association. She then studied music education and sang with choirs at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, graduating in 1951. Her excellence as a singer earned her a scholarship to New England Conservatory of Music in Boston where she received further music training. She often used her singing talents to raise funds for various civil and human rights causes and activities. She and Martin Luther King, Jr., met in Boston and were married in 1953. After her husband's assassination in 1968, she articulated a vision of his nonviolence expressed internationally through the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change that she founded in Atlanta as a memorial to her slain husband. To foster remembrance of his life and work, she advocated a federal holiday to celebrate his January birthday. She died in January 2006 at a holistic health hospital in Mexico and was both the first woman and the first African American to lie in state at the state capitol rotunda in Atlanta, Georgia. She was buried with her husband at the King Center.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Subjects:King, Coretta Scott, 1927-2006 | King, Coretta Scott, 1927-2006--Death and burial | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968--Assassination | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968--Death and burial | Ray, James Earl, 1928-1998 | Jowers, Loyd, d. 2000 | Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948 | Mandela, Nelson, 1918- | Mandela, Winnie | African American singers--Georgia | Singers--Georgia | African American women singers--Georgia | Women singers--Georgia | African American musicians--Georgia | Musicians--Georgia | African American women musicians--Georgia | Women musicians--Georgia | African American civil rights workers | Civil rights workers | African American women civil rights workers | Women civil rights workers | African American civic leaders | Civic leaders | African American women civic leaders | Women civic leaders | African American social reformers | Social reformers | African American women social reformers | Women social reformers | African Americans--Civil rights | Civil rights--United States | Civil rights--Georgia | Civil rights--Alabama | Civil rights movements--United States | Civil rights movements--Georgia | Civil rights movements--Alabama | Civil rights demonstrations--United States | Civil rights demonstrations--Georgia | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama | Protest marches--Alabama | Protest marches--Washington (D.C.) | Education--Alabama--Marion | Education--Ohio--Yellow Springs | Women--Education--Alabama--Marion | Women--Education--Ohio--Yellow Springs | Women--Education--Massachusetts--Boston | African American women--Education--Alabama--Marion | African American women--Education--Ohio--Yellow Springs | African American women--Education--Massachusetts--Boston | Universities and colleges--Graduate work | New England Conservatory of Music--Graduate work | African Americans--Education--Alabama | African Americans--Education--Ohio | African Americans--Education (Graduate)--Massachusetts--Boston | Music--Study and teaching (Graduate) | Concerts--United States | Fund raising--United States | Montgomery Improvement Association | Boycotts--Alabama--Montgomery | Buses--Alabama--Montgomery | Bombings--Alabama--Montgomery | Dynamite--Alabama--Montgomery | Mass meetings--Alabama--Montgomery | Segregation--Alabama--Montgomery | Segregation in transportation--Alabama--Montgomery | Discrimination--Alabama--Montgomery | Race discrimination--Alabama--Montgomery | Race relations | Montgomery (Ala.)--Race relation--History--20th century | Montgomery (Ala.)--Politics and government--20th century | Holidays--United States | Holidays--Georgia | Nonviolence--United States | Passive resistance--United States | Women Strike for Peace | Nobel Prizes | Nobel Prize winners--United States | Civil disobedience | Disarmament | Peace | Peace--Awards | Assassination--Tennessee--Memphis | Sanitation workers--Tennessee--Memphis | Strikes and lockouts--Sanitation--Tennessee | Wages--Sanitation workers--Tennessee--Memphis | Poor People's Campaign | Southern Christian Leadership Conference | Social justice--United States | Social justice--Southern States | Equality--United States | Equality--Southern States | Justice | Fairness | Liberty | National Organization for Women | Equal rights amendments | Equality before the law | Sex discrimination against women--Law and legislation | Affirmative action programs--United States | Discrimination in employment--United States | Busing for school integration--Massachusetts--Boston | Anti-apartheid activists--United States | Anti-apartheid movements--United States | Assassination--Investigation--Tennessee--Memphis | Assassination--Investigation--United States | Governmental investigations--Tennessee--Memphis | Governmental investigations--United States | Conspiracies--United States | Political crimes and offenses--United States | Political violence--United States | Violence--United States | Rotundas--Georgia--Atlanta | Crypts--Georgia--Atlanta | Human rights | Jim's Grill (Memphis, Tenn.) | Georgia State Capitol (Atlanta, Ga.) | New Birth Missionary Baptist Church (Lithonia, Ga.) | Lorraine Motel (Memphis, Tenn.) | Sanitation Workers Strike, Memphis, Tenn., 1968 | Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change | Dexter Avenue Baptist Church (Montgomery, Ala.) | Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.) | Montgomery Bus Boycott, Montgomery, Ala., 1955-1956 | March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963 | Martin Luther King, Jr., Day--United States | Martin Luther King, Jr., Day--Georgia | Atlanta (Ga.) | Fulton County (Ga.) | Heiberger (Ala.) | Perry County (Ala.) | Marion (Ala.) | Southern States | Yellow Springs (Ohio) | Greene County (Ohio) | Boston (Mass.) | Suffolk County (Mass.) | Washington (D.C.)
Collection:New Georgia Encyclopedia
Institution:New Georgia Encyclopedia
Contributors:New Georgia Encyclopedia (Project) | Georgia Humanities Council | University of Georgia. Press | Merrill-Hall New Media | GALILEO (Georgia statewide project)
Online Publisher:[Athens, Ga.] : Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press | 6/11/2007
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