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|Title:||Lester Maddox (1915-2003)|
|Date:||2004 Apr. 20|
Encyclopedia article about Lester Maddox who was elected as Georgia's governor in 1966 by widespread dissatisfaction with desegregation, surprised many by serving as an able and unquestionably colorful chief executive. Maddox worked at Atlantic Steel, the Works Progress Administration, and various wartime industries before opening the Pickrick Cafeteria in 1947. Maddox unsuccessfully ran for Atlanta mayor and lieutenant governor between 1957 and 1962 before deciding a political career was not meant to be. After the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act Maddox remained stubbornly segregated, making the Pickrick a target of civil rights activists seeking to test the new law. After losing a year-long legal battle which challenged the constitutionality of the public accommodations section of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, Maddox closed his restaurant rather than desegregate. After serving as governor, Maddox became the state's lieutenant governor in 1971.
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|Subjects:||Maddox, Lester, 1915- | Governors--Georgia | Georgia--Politics and government--1951- | Businessmen--Georgia--Atlanta | Georgia--Race relations--History--20th century | Political activists--Georgia--Atlanta | Atlanta (Ga.) | Fulton County (Ga.)|
|Collection:||New Georgia Encyclopedia|
|Institution:||New Georgia Encyclopedia|
|Contributors:||New Georgia Encyclopedia (Project) | Georgia Humanities Council | University of Georgia. Press | Merrill-Hall New Media | GALILEO (Georgia statewide project)|
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Cite as: "Lester Maddox (1915-2003)," New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved [date]: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org.
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[Athens, Ga.] : Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1387|