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|Creator:||Eskew, Glenn T.|
|Title:||Birmingham Campaign of 1963|
|Date:||2007 Sept. 20|
Encyclopedia article about the Civil Rights movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform. City Commissioner T. Eugene "Bull" Connor's use of police dogs and fire hoses against nonviolent black activists, led by Fred L. Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King, Jr., enraged the nation. The public outcry provoked President John F. Kennedy to propose civil rights legislation that became the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.
|Types:||Articles | Interactive Resource|
|Subjects:||Connor, Eugene, 1897-1973 | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 | Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011 | Project C, Birmingham, Ala., 1963 | Civil rights movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | African American civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | Race discrimination--Alabama--Birmingham | Race relations | Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations--History--20th century | White supremacy movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Alabama--Birmingham | Southern Christian Leadership Conference | Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights | Birmingham (Ala.) | Jefferson County (Ala.)|
|Collection:||Encyclopedia of Alabama|
|Institution:||Encyclopedia of Alabama|
|Contributors:||Encyclopedia of Alabama (Project)|
|Online Publisher:||[Auburn, Ala.] : Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University | 2007-09-20|
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Forms part of the Encyclopedia of Alabama.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1358|