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Birmingham Campaign of 1963

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Creator:Eskew, Glenn T.
Title:Birmingham Campaign of 1963
Date:2007 Sept. 20

Encyclopedia article about the Civil Rights movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform. City Commissioner T. Eugene "Bull" Connor's use of police dogs and fire hoses against nonviolent black activists, led by Fred L. Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King, Jr., enraged the nation. The public outcry provoked President John F. Kennedy to propose civil rights legislation that became the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Types:Articles | Interactive Resource
Subjects:Connor, Eugene, 1897-1973 | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 | Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011 | Project C, Birmingham, Ala., 1963 | Civil rights movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | African American civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | Race discrimination--Alabama--Birmingham | Race relations | Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations--History--20th century | White supremacy movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Alabama--Birmingham | Southern Christian Leadership Conference | Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights | United States, Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham, 33.5206608, -86.80249
Collection:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Institution:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Contributors:Encyclopedia of Alabama (Project)
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Forms part of the Encyclopedia of Alabama.

Persistent Link to Item:http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1358