|Click here to view the item|
|Creator:||Eskew, Glenn T.|
|Title:||Birmingham Campaign of 1963|
|Date:||2007 Sept. 20|
Encyclopedia article about the Civil Rights movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform. City Commissioner T. Eugene "Bull" Connor's use of police dogs and fire hoses against nonviolent black activists, led by Fred L. Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King, Jr., enraged the nation. The public outcry provoked President John F. Kennedy to propose civil rights legislation that became the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.
|Types:||Articles | Interactive Resource|
|Subjects:||Connor, Eugene, 1897-1973 | King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 | Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011 | Project C, Birmingham, Ala., 1963 | Civil rights movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | African American civil rights workers--Alabama--Birmingham | Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | Race discrimination--Alabama--Birmingham | Race relations | Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations--History--20th century | White supremacy movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham | African Americans--Alabama--Birmingham | Southern Christian Leadership Conference | Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights | Birmingham (Ala.) | Jefferson County (Ala.)|
|Collection:||Encyclopedia of Alabama|
|Institution:||Encyclopedia of Alabama|
|Contributors:||Encyclopedia of Alabama (Project)|
|Online Publisher:||[Auburn, Ala.] : Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University | 2007-09-20|
|Rights and Usage:|
All rights reserved. By downloading, printing, or otherwise using text, image, logo, audio and video files from this Web site, users agree that they will limit their use of such files for purposes permitted under the fair use doctrine and will not violate EOA's or any other party's proprietary rights. Fair use of copyrighted material includes the use of protected materials for noncommercial educational purposes. EOA content used for such purposes does not require express permission from EOA or the Alabama Humanities Foundation, which holds the copyrights for EOA content. All other uses require written permission from the Alabama Humanities Foundation. Permission requests may be submitted by email to: firstname.lastname@example.org or by mail to: Encyclopedia of Alabama, Attn.: Permissions, R.B. Draughon Library, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.
Forms part of the Encyclopedia of Alabama.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1358|