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E. D. Nixon

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Creator:Brooks, F. Erik
Title:E. D. Nixon
Date:2007 Sept. 19

Encyclopedia article about E. D. Nixon (1899-1987), a long-time leader of the civil rights movement in Alabama. He worked tirelessly to increase the number of registered blacks voters in Montgomery and was one of the key organizers of the Montgomery Improvement Association and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. He also helped bail Rosa Parks out of jail after she was arrested for violating segregation laws. Heavily influenced by his membership in the largely African American Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP), Nixon became an outspoken activist for African American voting rights and employment opportunities in the years between World War II and the early years of the civil rights movement in the mid-1950s. Nixon also was the first black candidate in the twentieth century to run for a seat on Montgomery County's Democratic Executive Committee in 1954. He lost his bid but was allowed to question candidates for the city commission, which functioned as Montgomery's central government, about issues of race the following year.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Types:Articles | Interactive Resource
Subjects:Nixon, Edgar Daniel | African American civil rights workers--Alabama--Montgomery | Civil rights workers--Alabama--Montgomery | African American civic leaders--Alabama--Montgomery | Civic leaders--Alabama--Montgomery | Montgomery Improvement Association | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Montgomery | Civil rights--Alabama--Montgomery | Civil rights movements--Alabama--Montgomery | Civil rights demonstrations--Alabama--Montgomery | Montgomery Bus Boycott, Montgomery, Ala., 1955-1956 | Boycotts--Alabama--Montgomery | Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters | African Americans--Segregation--Alabama--Montgomery | Segregation--Alabama--Montgomery | Race discrimination--Alabama--Montgomery | Race relations | Montgomery (Ala.)--Race relations--History--20th century | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People | African American labor leaders--United States | United States, Alabama, Montgomeryi, 32.366805, -86.299969 | United States, Alabama, Montgomery County, 32.2202579, -86.2076143
Collection:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Institution:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Contributors:Encyclopedia of Alabama (Project)
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Forms part of the Encyclopedia of Alabama.

Persistent Link to Item:http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1355