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Segregation (Jim Crow)

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Creator:Novkov, Julie
Title:Segregation (Jim Crow)
Date:2007 July 23
Description:

Encyclopedia article about segregation, the legal and social system of separating citizens on the basis of race. The system maintained the repression of black citizens in Alabama and other southern states until it was dismantled during the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s and by subsequent civil rights legislation. Segregation is usually understood as a legal system of control consisting of the denial of voting rights, the maintenance of separate schools, and other forms of separation between the races, but formal legal rules were only one part of the regime. Some historians list three other important elements contributing to the creation and reinforcement of the status quo: physical force and terror, economic intimidation, and psychological control exerted through messages of low worth and negativity transmitted socially to African American citizens.

The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.

Types:Articles | Interactive Resource
Subjects:Segregation--Alabama | African Americans--Segregation--Alabama | African Americans--Alabama | Race discrimination--Alabama | Race relations | Alabama--Race relations--History--20th century | White supremacy movements--Alabama | African Americans--Violence against--Alabama | Civil rights movements--Alabama | Alabama
Collection:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Institution:Encyclopedia of Alabama
Contributors:Encyclopedia of Alabama (Project)
Online Publisher:[Auburn, Ala.] : Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University | 2007-07-23
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Forms part of the Encyclopedia of Alabama.

Persistent Link to Item:http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1248