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|Creator:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969|
|Title:||Press release of the address by President Eisenhower|
|Date:||1957 Sept. 24|
Text of an address by President Dwight D. Eisenhower given on September 24, 1957 following the issue of Executive Order 10730 authorizing the Department of Defense to send federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas. In the four-page document, Eisenhower reviews the situation in Little Rock and calls upon citizens in Little Rock to "assist in bringing to an immediate end all interference with the law and its processes." He promises to remove federal troops if order is restored. In 1957, the Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.
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|Subjects:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Soldiers--United States | Presidents--United States | Mobs--Arkansas--Little Rock | Obstruction of justice--Arkansas--Little Rock | Executive orders--United States | Intervention (Federal government)--Arkansas--Little Rock | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.) | Washington (D.C.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library||Contributors:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century||Online Publisher:||Austin, Tex. : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration | 2008||Original Material:|
Collection: Papers of James C. Hagerty, Press Secretary to the President, 1953-1961, Series: Subject Files Series, Box Number: 6, Folder Title: Integration--Little Rock, 1957 (1).
|Rights and Usage:|
Rights Status: Unrestricted
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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=140|