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Situation report No. 233

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Creator:United States. Dept. of the Army. Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans
Title:Situation report No. 233
Date:1958 Mar. 10

Notes about the role of the United States military at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in March 1958. The report lists what military assignments were made as well as recording three incidents that occurred relative to the school's integration. Notes on the page indicate it was issued as a classified document and was declassified in 1979. The Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools in 1957. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, during which time the 101 Airborne Division remained at the school, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.

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Subjects:Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Presidents--United States | Obstruction of justice--Arkansas--Little Rock | Soldiers--United States | Governors--Arkansas | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.)
Collection:Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century Information: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Institution:Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
Contributors:Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century
Online Publisher:Austin, Tex. : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration | 2008
Original Material:

Collection: White House Office, Office of the Staff Secretary, 1952-1961, Series: Subject Series; Alphabetical Subseries, Box Number: 17, Folder Title: Little Rock, Vol. I--Reports [Stet.] (8).

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Rights Status: Unrestricted

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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.

Persistent Link to Item:http://presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=136