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|Creator:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969|
|Title:||Diary notes dictated by President Eisenhower regarding visit with Governor Faubus|
|Date:||1957 Oct. 8|
Notes dictated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower about his meeting with Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus following their September 14, 1957 meeting in Newport, Rhode Island. The notes record some of the interaction between Eisenhower and Faubus. According to Eisenhower, Faubus took the opportunity to assert his respect for the law. Eisenhower encouraged Governor Faubus to follow the court's rulings regarding integration in Little Rock. The Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools in 1957. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.
|Types:||Texts (document genres)|
|Subjects:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Faubus, Orval Eugene, 1910-1994 | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Presidents--United States | Obstruction of justice--Arkansas--Little Rock | Press conferences--Washington (D.C.) | Governors--Arkansas | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.) | Washington (D.C.) | Newport (R.I.) | Newport County (R.I.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library||Contributors:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century||Online Publisher:||Austin, TX : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration | 2008||Original Material:|
Collection: Dwight D. Eisenhower's Papers as President (Ann Whitman File), Series: Administration Series, Box Number: 23, Folder Title: Little Rock (2).
|Rights and Usage:|
Rights Status: Restricted - Possibly
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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=131|