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|Creator:||Mothershed, Howard H. L.|
|Creator:||Roberts, W. L.|
|Creator:||Eckford, Oscar, 1915-1980|
|Creator:||Green, Lothaire, 1899-1976|
|Creator:||Brown, W. B.|
|Creator:||Ray, H. C.|
|Title:||Telegram from parents of nine African-American students to President Eisenhower|
|Date:||1957 Oct. 1|
Telegram sent to President Dwight D. Eisenhower from the parents of the nine African American students who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957. In the telegram, the parents thank Eisenhower for protecting the rights of their children to integrate the school. The Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools in 1957. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.
The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for the aggregation and enhancement of partner metadata.
|Subjects:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Mothershed, Howard H. L. | Thomas, Ellis | Roberts, W. L. | Eckford, Oscar, 1915-1980 | Green, Lothaire, 1899-1976 | Walls, Juanita | Brown, W. B. | Pattillo, Lois | Ray, H. C. | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American parents--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Presidents--United States | Intervention (Federal government)--Arkansas--Little Rock | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.) | Washington (D.C.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library||Contributors:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century||Online Publisher:||Austin, Tex. : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration | 2008||Original Material:|
Collection: Dwight D. Eisenhower's Records as President (White House Central Files), Series: Official File, Box Number: 732, Folder Title: OF 142-A-5-A (3).
|Rights and Usage:|
Rights Status: Restricted - Possibly
Rights Object: Oscar Eckford Jr., Lothaire S. Green, Juanita Walls, W. B. Brown, Lois M. Pattillo, H.C. Ray, Ellis Thomas, W. L. Roberts, Howard H. L. Mothershed
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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://www.presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=128|