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|Creator:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969|
|Title:||Memorandum of telephone call between President Eisenhower and Attorney General|
|Date:||1957 Sept. 25|
Notes from a telephone conversation between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and attorney general Herbert Brownell, Jr. on September 25, 1957. The president and the attorney general discussed the school integration crisis at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The page also lists other telephone conversations that took place throughout the day and notes the topics of each conversation. The Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools in 1957. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.
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|Subjects:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Brownell, Herbert, 1904- | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Soldiers--United States | Presidents--United States | Attorneys general--United States | Mobs--Arkansas--Little Rock | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.) | Washington (D.C.)|
|Collection:||Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century Information: Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Institution:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library|
|Contributors:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century|
|Online Publisher:||Austin, Tex. : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration | 2008|
Collection: Dwight D. Eisenhower's Papers as President (Ann Whitman File), Series: DDE Diary Series, Box Number: 27, Folder Title: September 1957 Telephone Calls.
|Rights and Usage:|
Rights Status: Unrestricted
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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=125|