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|Creator:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969|
|Title:||Press release regarding Executive Order 10730, Providing assistance for the removal of an obstruction of justice within the state of Arkansas|
|Date:||1957 Sept. 24|
Executive order 10730 issued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on September 24, 1957 authorizing the Department of Defense to restore order and enforce court-ordered integration in Little Rock, Arkansas. The day before Eisenhower had issued a proclamation ordering mobs in Little Rock to disperse; when the mobs refused to comply, Eisenhower authorized military presence in Little Rock. The Little Rock school district voted to integrate its schools in 1957. Governor Faubus, opposed to integration, sent members of the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students--the "Little Rock Nine"--from entering Little Rock Central High School on September 4. Federal courts ordered Governor Faubus to remove the troops and permit the nine students to enter the school on September 23, 1957. However, because of the rioting that continued outside, the students were removed from the school after three hours. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to restore order and to protect the students. After a single year of integration, Governor Faubus closed the Little Rock public high schools to avoid further integration. The United States Supreme Court declared Faubus' action illegal and the public schools reopened August 1959.
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|Subjects:||Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 | Federal-state controversies--Arkansas | School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock | African American students--Arkansas--Little Rock | High school students--Arkansas--Little Rock | Segregation in education--Arkansas--Little Rock | Race riots--Arkansas--Little Rock | Violence--Arkansas--Little Rock | Governors--Arkansas | Race relations | Little Rock (Ark.)--Race relations--History--20th century | Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) | Soldiers--United States | Presidents--United States | Obstruction of justice--Arkansas--Little Rock | Executive orders--United States | Intervention (Federal government)--Arkansas--Little Rock | Little Rock (Ark.) | Pulaski County (Ark.) | Newport (R.I.) | Newport County (R.I.)|
|Collection:||Institution:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library||Contributors:||Dwight D. Eisenhower Library | Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century||Online Publisher:||Austin, Tex. : Learning Technology Center. The University of Texas at Austin ; | Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration | 2008||Original Material:|
Collection: Records of Kevin McCann, Box Number: 20, Folder Title: September 1957.
|Rights and Usage:|
Rights Status: Unrestricted
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Forms part of: Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century.
|Persistent Link to Item:||http://presidentialtimeline.org/html/record.php?id=122|