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Interview with Rosa Jackson, 1984 July 23

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Creator:Jackson, Rosa, 1894-
Creator:Hamrick, Peggy
Title:Interview with Rosa Jackson, 1984 July 23
Date:1984 July 23

In this interview, Rosa Jackson talks about living through the depression and the civil rights era in Birmingham, Alabama. Jackson recalls how she worked for white people from the age of eight, first as a nurse and later as a cleaner of office buildings. Her husband was a steel worker, laid off just before the Depression. She recounts how they lived through the Depression: "I just figured I'd make it somehow with the Lord's help, and I did make it through. It was tough. I'm not going to tell you there were any good points about it . . ." She added that "you could get by if you used your head." Jackson talks about getting aid from the Red Cross, how they didn't make it difficult for people, but everyone had to stand in long lines. There was no segregation in the food line; everyone was "in the same line 'cause they was in the same position." She also recalls how her husband got coal from boxcars, a dangerous practice because of the hoboes. Jackson expresses her admiration for FDR, who she calls a "dear beloved man," for starting the Social Security system, and she admired him for overcoming being a cripple: "He made himself a mountain." Jackson discusses her role in the civil rights movement at length, saying she did what she could, but she tried to be peaceable because she was scared both of breaking the law and of the Ku Klux Klan. She said everyone was afraid of having their house burned; during that time, she says it wasn't smart for blacks to be out after 9:30. She also talks about Jim Crow laws and how she was once brought in on charges for making beer, which were dropped because the beer hadn't fermented yet and couldn't be proved as such.

Interviewed by Peggy Hamrick on July 23, 1984.

Types:Oral histories | Transcripts | Sound recordings | Sound | Text
Subjects:Jackson, Rosa, 1894- | Depressions--1929--Alabama | Civil rights movements--Alabama--Birmingham | Segregation--Alabama--Birmingham | Ku Klux Klan (1915-) | Birmingham (Ala.)--Race relations | African Americans--Alabama--Birmingham--Social conditions--20th century | African Americans--Civil rights--Alabama--Birmingham--History--20th century | Depressions--1929--Alabama--Birmingham--Social aspects | Birmingham (Ala.)--Social conditions--20th century | African Americans--Economic conditions--20th century | African Americans--Segregation--History--20th century | New Deal, 1933-1939 | United States, Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham, 33.5206608, -86.80249
Collection:Working Lives Oral History Project
Institution:William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library
Contributors:William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library (University of Alabama)
Original Material:

Archive of American Minority Cultures

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To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library.

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Forms part of the online collection: Working Lives Oral History Project.

Persistent Link to Item:http://acumen.lib.ua.edu/u0008_0000003_0000033