Sit-ins: Atlanta, Ga.
In March 1960, students representing Atlanta's six historically black colleges organized a series of sit-ins at area lunch counters to protest the city's legally sanctioned segregation. Local retailers subsequently agreed to negotiate with representatives from the recently formed student group Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR), but neither side evinced a willingness to compromise. Protests expanded when negotiations stalled, and student leaders persuaded Martin Luther King, Jr. to participate in a bid for greater publicity. After more than a year of demonstrations and failed negotiations, members of the city's black political establishment met privately with white business leaders, and negotiated a settlement wherein area lunch counters would be desegregated after the court-ordered integration of city schools the following fall. Although they protested the decision on campus, student leaders ultimately submitted to the settlement, and Atlanta's lunch counters were desegregated in September 1961.
Archival Collections and Reference Resources
- New Georgia Encyclopedia (New Georgia Encyclopedia)
- WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection (Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection)
- Series of WSB-TV newsfilm clips of African American attorney Donald Hollowell speaking to reporters about the imprisonment of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. from Atlanta, Georgia, 1960 October 27 (moving images)
- Series of WSB-TV newsfilm clips of mayor William B. Hartsfield speaking to reporters about recent civil rights demonstrations and the arrest of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Atlanta, Georgia, 1960 October 24 (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of an interracial group of civil rights students turned away after attempting to integrate S & W Cafeteria in Atlanta, Georgia, 1963 June 9 (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of civil rights workers holding a sit-in and picketing in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, 1960 November 25 (Moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of civil rights workers protesting segregation at Leb's Restaurant and S & W Cafeteria in Atlanta, Georgia, 1963 May 20 (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of civil rights workers protesting segregation during a sit-in at two Toddle House restaurants in Atlanta, Georgia, 1963 December (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. speaking about the civil rights movement after being arrested during a sit-in at Rich's Department Store, Atlanta, Georgia, 1960 October 19 (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of Johnny Reb's Canteen after it reopened following an agreement ending civil rights demonstrations in Atlanta, Georgia, 1961 March 8 (moving images)
- WSB-TV newsfilm clip of NAACP executive director Roy Wilkins speaking to reporters at a press conference before the NAACP annual convention held in Atlanta, Georgia, 1962 July 1 (Moving images)